ether: in some versions of old alchemy it was the fifth element in addition to air, earth, fire, and water.
The more you observe nature, the more you perceive that there is a tremendous organization in all things. It is an intelligence so great that just by observing natural phenomena I come to the conclusion that a Creator exists.
Light: a reconsideration of its double nature
Light: you know from quantum physics that it has a double nature. It is a wave but also a particle. They taught me at school that light is a wave propagating through the void or other physical means and is made up of particles without a mass that are named photons. I’ll try to resume here some of the reasons why physicists were reduced to accept such an ambiguity, that is to say, the corpuscular and wave nature of all the electromagnetic phenomena.
Anyway, I want here to observe first that light is inseparably a wave-particle, and is not absolutely behaving in the way most physicists assert. They describe light as behaving alternatively as a wave or as a particle, especially when they put it under observation and consequently measure it. I’m referring here to the double-slit experiment which was at the basis of the description of light as particle and wave.
Waves and particles united
A research team under the leadership of Alberto Peruzzo has experimentally proved in November 2012, that photons contemporarily behave both as waves and particles. That is a clear confutation of all previous models where the photon was said to be alternatively a wave or a particle.
The particle nature of light had been postulated by Newton and can explain some phenomena, such as the reflection, the photoelectric effect, the Compton Effect and the pair production.
Here I quote from Wikipedia.
It is the emission of electrons or other free carriers when light shines on a material. Electrons emitted in this manner can be called photoelectrons. This phenomenon is commonly studied in electronic physics, as well as in fields of chemistry, such as quantum chemistry or electrochemistry.
Discovered by Arthur Holly Compton, it is the inelastic scattering of a photon by a charged particle, usually an electron. It results in a decrease in energy (increase in wavelength) of the photon (which may be an X-ray or gamma ray photon), called the Compton effect. Part of the energy of the photon is transferred to the recoiling electron. Inverse Compton scattering occurs, in which a charged particle transfers part of its energy to a photon.
Pair production is the creation of an elementary particle and its antiparticle from a neutral boson. Examples include creating an electron and a positron, a muon and an antimuon, or a proton and an antiproton. Pair production often refers specifically to a photon creating an electron-positron pair near a nucleus. In order for pair production to occur, the incoming energy of the interaction must be above a threshold in order to create the pair – at least the total rest mass energy of the two particles – and that the situation allows both energy and momentum to be conserved. However, all other conserved quantum numbers (angular momentum, electric charge, lepton number) of the produced particles must sum to zero – thus the created particles shall have opposite values of each other. For instance, if one particle has an electric charge of +1 the other must have an electric charge of −1, or if one particle has strangeness of +1 then another one must have strangeness of −1.
The particle description of light is not good however to describe some other phenomena like refraction, diffraction or interference. All these phenomena can be explained only by the wave description of light. I want in this article to introduce a new idea of light, that is in strict connection with the fact that the Earth is motionless and with the isotropic nature of reality.
Einstein replacing the space-time instead of ether.
We have already discussed in a previous post the fact that the Mickelson Morley experiment could not measure the speed of the Earth in relation to the luminiferous ether. This led Einstein to remove the idea of ether with his special relativity theory. To solve however some problems arising in relation to gravity, Einstein reintroduced later the idea of an empty space endowing with physical properties: the space-time. And, moreover, Einstein’s space-time deforms within a gravity field. The ether became thus the space-time through which the light moves. This space is consequently a sort of mean through which the light moves like a mechanical wave. It is endowed with elastic and mechanic properties allowing the movement of a mechanic wave. How can you be sure of this phenomenon?
Describing a wave moving on the surface of a lake
We have now introduced the dual nature of light. Photons are particles that are moving with the speed of light but are wave packages as well. It is a strange nature that physicists have not been able, till now, to describe in a simpler way. But consider how simple can be this situation while introducing the ether explanation. We said the ether becomes a mechanical mean for an elastic wave, exactly like the air or the water are behaving for the sound waves. Moreover, think, for instance, to a surface wave that is moving on a lake after you have hit the water with a stone.
Consider one last example of a wave moving on the surface of the lake. The lake is full of water with its H2O molecules that are the particles. When you throw a stone into the water it produces an oscillation of these particles due to the laceration of the stone. The stress through the water induces a wobbling movement in the particles. The wave starts to move horizontally while molecules move with a vertical movement. There is no mass movement, only the wave translates. This water phenomenon has a double nature: particles wobble vertically while the wave moves horizontally.
Science asserts that a light beam is a wave of photons moving with the speed of light. Each photon is a particle but also a wave with its own frequency and wavelength. The product between the frequency and the wavelength is the speed of propagation:
where λ is the wavelength, f is the frequency and c is the speed of light.
Photons transport a quantity of energy E proportional to frequency:
E=f*h where h is the Plank Constant 6,6*10^-34 J*s.
Photons are the single unities constituting ether
Let’s now think that photons are not simply the beams of light but are the single unities constituting the ether. These particles enter into vibration due to the stress provoked by electromagnetic or chemical phenomena. With their wobbling movement, they generate an electromagnetic wave. When this wave has the frequency of the visible range, we can see the light. On the other hand, when the frequency is not that range, we cannot perceive it. But this does not mean that the light photon is ineffective.
Let’s suggest a few examples. Many big seeds like beans can sprout in the dark. Why? Because their photoreceptors are able to detect the presence of the photon light when in the apparent darkness. Similarly, think of the wheat sprouts in winter. They are able to take advantage of light notwithstanding the covering of the snow. Vegetal roots can detect light even in the underground. Light is everywhere even when not visible to photoreceptors or to human eyes. Think of the euphorbia pulcherrima , a plant also known as poinsettia, whose brats, in order to assume their elegant redness, need a number of dark hours for a long period.
All these are evidence of the fact that light photons and obscure photons are just one unity. We can repeat here that the matrix of light is the shadow. The electromagnetic waves are, as a consequence, movements of the ether. Photons are the particle side of light, the generated wave is the other side. They are in strict connection. All that was difficult to explain becomes simple.
Ether behaves like a solid
A characteristic of the ether is that it behaves like a solid. We have in fact to consider that electromagnetic waves can be longitudinal or transversal.
Longitudinal waves transmit in solids or fluids, but transversal waves generate only in a mean presenting a shear modulus. ( materials science defines shear modulus or modulus of rigidity as the ratio of shear stress to the shear strain. Wikipedia) Particles shall, in fact, transmit the motion by friction to the nearer particles. This is not possible in a gas where particles are far one from the other, but only in solids or dense fluids.
We shall conclude that photons are very near one to the other and connect with a super strong physical bonding able to keep them together like a solid mean. I hope to be able in the future to better explain this last consideration. Bye.