Higgs Bosons are an interesting subject when considering the etherons. This post is a continuation of the one I edited on the last 30th of March about the ether. So the reader, in order to discover my premises, will examine the previous part of my article on this website.
As I already said, etherons are at the very base of the matter. They start vibrating when hit by any disturb moving in the space-time. So, I was wondering whether they possess a mass or they don’t. Let’s investigate.
A non-uniform disposal in the space
An external electromagnetic stress is at the origin of a non-uniform disposal of the Ether in the space. It can determine a force field that generates an electromagnetic field, or, when more intense, a gravitational field. This non-uniform effect produces a sort of etheron wind, as generated by the gradient of pressure in the mean. The difference in pressure produces an acceleration, from the point with higher pressure to the point with lower pressure. And this happens in an effort of equilibrating the system.
Mass per unit of volume
According to Newton’s law, we get a force produced by the acceleration and acting over a mass in the force field. To describe mathematically the gradient of pressure, we have to determine whether the etherons have some mass or they have none. In order to get different pressures, we should characterize the ether with density, i.e. with a mass per unit of volume.
The etheron is a boson
The etheron is responsible for producing fields of force, and, for this very reason, it is a boson too. This will be according to quantum physics. I hope I will prove the ether is taking part in all those processes that are responsible for the production of particles of matter. As we all can easily imagine, the ether permeates all the space and all the minimal interstices of the matter. It is the glue binding together all the molecules.
Filling all the interstices of the matter
Light can propagate only in presence of the ether: if light can pass through a transparent solid, it is clear that the ether is filling all the interstices of the matter. Molecules that stick together forming the matter are not physically touching each other. The bonding between molecules is produced by the ether that, in this case, displays all its strength and elasticity. These characteristics make me think that the etheron can ultimately be the Higgs boson. This is the particle producing the Higgs field, a field that fills all the space and participates in the creation of matter.
Vortexes of condensate ether
I’m nowadays doing much research about the Higgs mechanism, that is the condensing process of the Higgs field. The ether is evidently responsible for giving mass to the fermions, i.e. the elementary massive particles. Paul Laviolette considers it responsible for the condensation of a great number of etherons, that are consequently able to produce mass. It is clear that these vortexes of concentrated ether look very similar to the Higgs condensate field in the Higgs mechanism. I don’t say that it is the same (purists of quantum physics will immediately attach me) but it looks very similar.
The H boson has a mass
The H boson, that seems to be very similar to the etheron, has a mass of 125.090.24 GeV/c2 , that means 2,2e-25 kg.
GeV/c2 is a measurement unit deriving from Einstein equation E=mc2 , from which we get the equation m=E/c2 , where E is the energy. GeV is one billion of electron volts. The eV is the increase of energy of one electron, that increases its potential of one volt. 1eV is 1.6e-19 joule. One GeV is the energy quantity of a proton that is 0.938GeV/c2 =1,67e-27kg. The Higgs boson has thus the mass of about 130 protons. It has no electrical charge.
Calculating the mass of the ether
We are hence deducing that an etheron could be the particle corresponding to the Higgs boson. This way we know it could have a mass. When we consider a small cylinder full of ether, high dz , with dA surface and ρ density of etherons inside, we can calculate the mass of this cylinder. It will be m=ρdAdz. We know then, according to Newton’s law, that F=m*a. If we want to express the force in terms of pressure (we have a difference in pressure of the ether in z direction), we can write F=dP*dA. If we want to make equal the two expressions, we can write:
dPdA=ma => dPdA=ρdAdza
Calculating the acceleration of the ether
So, from this equation, we find the acceleration of the ether downward, due to the different pressure:
We know then that this acceleration is about 9,81m/sec2.
A big tension between the Dome and the Earth
I want here to conclude this way. We can easily calculate an acceleration by making a hypothesis. We can suppose that a difference of pressure in the etherons arrangement is due to the big tension between the dome and the Earth.
The Higgs Boson and the Higgs field
The Higgs boson is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics. First suspected to exist in the 1960s, it is the quantum excitation of the Higgs field, a fundamental field of crucial importance to particle physics theory. Unlike other known fields such as the electromagnetic field, it has a non-zero constant value in the vacuum. The question of the existence of the Higgs field became the last unverified part of the Standard Model of particle physics. For several decades, scientists considered the Higgs boson”the central problem in particle physics”.
Particles having mass
The presence of the field, now confirmed by experimental investigation, explains why some fundamental particles have mass, despite the symmetries controlling their interactions implying that they should be massless. It also resolves several other long-standing puzzles, such as the reason for the extremely short range of the weak force.
CERN’s forty-year search
Although the Higgs field is non-zero everywhere and its effects ubiquitous, proving its existence was far from easy. In principle, it can be proved to exist by detecting its excitations, which manifest as Higgs particles (the Higgs boson), but these are extremely difficult to produce and to detect. The importance of this fundamental question led to a 40-year search and the construction of one of the world’s most expensive and complex experimental facilities to date, CERN‘s Large Hadron Collider, in an attempt to create Higgs bosons and other particles for observation and study.
Discovered a new particle with even parity and zero spin
On 4 July 2012, the discovery of a new particle with a mass between 125 and 127 GeV/c2 was announced; physicists suspected that it was the Higgs boson. Since then, the particle has been shown to behave, interact, and decay in many of the ways predicted for Higgs particles by the Standard Model, as well as having even parity and zero spin, two fundamental attributes of a Higgs boson. This also means it is the first elementary scalar particle discovered in nature.More studies are needed to verify with higher precision that the discovered particle has properties matching those predicted for the Higgs boson by the Standard Model, or whether, as predicted by some theories, multiple Higgs bosons exist.
A Nobel Prize in Physics
The Higgs boson is named after Peter Higgs, one of six physicists who, in the 1964 PRL symmetry breaking papers, proposed the mechanism that suggested the existence of such a particle. On 10 December 2013, two of the physicists, Peter Higgs and François Englert, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work and prediction (Englert’s co-researcher Robert Brout had died in 2011 and the Nobel Prize is not ordinarily given posthumously). Although Higgs’s name has come to be associated with this theory, several researchers between about 1960 and 1972 independently developed different parts of it. In mainstream media the Higgs boson has often been called the “God particle”, from a 1993 book on the topic; the nickname is strongly disliked by many physicists, including Higgs, who regard it as sensationalistic.
Describing the Higgs boson
In the Standard Model, the Higgs particle is a boson with spin zero, no electric charge and no color charge. It is also very unstable, decaying into other particles almost immediately. It is a quantum excitation of one of the four components of the Higgs field. The latter constitutes a scalar field, with two neutral and two electrically charged components that form a complex doublet of the weak isospin SU(2) symmetry.
The Higgs field
The Higgs field has a “Mexican hat-shaped” potential. Consequently, the field in its ground state has a nonzero value everywhere (including otherwise empty space), and below a very high energy, it breaks the weak isospin symmetry of the electroweak interaction. (Technically the non-zero expectation value converts the Lagrangian‘s Yukawa coupling terms into mass terms). When this happens, three components of the Higgs field are “absorbed” by the SU(2) and U(1) gauge bosons (the “Higgs mechanism“) to become the longitudinal components of the now-massive W and Z bosons of the weak force. The remaining electrically neutral component either manifests as a Higgs particle or may couple separately to other particles known as fermions (via Yukawa couplings), causing these to acquire mass as well. Some versions of the theory predicted more than one kind of Higgs fields and bosons. Alternative “Higgsless” models were considered until the discovery of the Higgs boson.