Flat earth according to the Bible

flat sphere

Many people know the fact that the Bible when considering the earth, maintains it to be immovable. I’ll indicate here just a few verses showing the Bible explanations regarding the earth. There are hundreds and hundreds more.

  • Psalm 119:73,90 (The earth is fixed: Cf. the Hebrew original language)
  • 1 Chronicles 16:30 (Cf. the Latin Vulgate translation)
  • Psalm 19:4-6 (The sun is moving)
  • Joshua 10:12-13
  • Isaiah 38:8
  • Matthew 24:35
  • Isaiah 48:13
  • 2 Samuel 22:8
  • Job 37:18
  • Acts 13:47 (Compare the original Greek language in Mark 5:23)

Certainly, all those trusting in the Bible, and reading it, will long meditate about the meaning of the above passages, even digging into the original Hebrew or Greek languages. So they will be able to discover the deep relationship between all these verses, and the cultural context of the Scriptures. (Matthew 7:7)

Some lexical analysis

Psalms 119: 73, 90 says something important. The solid fixing of the earth can be compared to the safe stability of an embryo in a mother’s womb. “Your own hands have made me, and they proceeded to fix me solidly.” Then about the earth: “Your faithfulness is for generation after generation. You have solidly fixed the earth, that it may keep standing.” When the embryo is not well fixed, an abortion follows. The same could be said of the earth. Many translations render the verse as “it [the Earth] stands firm”. (You can find the same rendering of Psalm 119:90 in : Holman Christian Standard Bible, International Standard Version, Net Bible, Contemporary English Version, Christian Standard Bible, Louis Segond Bible (1910), Martin Bible (1744), German Modernized Bibel, Luther Bibel (1912), Text Bibel (1899), Giovanni Diodati (1649), Portuguese Bible etc.)

The Hebrew word is kun כּוּן, that means to be firm, to be set up, established, fixed. The same word kun can be found in so many passages through all the Bible.

Two Hebrew words: Kun and Mot

  • Judges 16:26,29 “Then Samson said to the boy that was holding him by his hand: ‘do permit me to feel the pillars upon which the house is firmly established (kun) and let me lean against them.’ ‘Samson braced himself against the two middle pillars upon which the house was firmly established (kun), and got a grasp on them… ;
  • 2 Samuel 7:26 “the very house of your servant David become firmly established (kun).
  • 1Chronicles 16:30 “the productive land is firmly established (kun): it will never be made to totter (mot).
  • Ezra “So they established the altar firmly (kun) upon its own site…”
  • Isaiah 2:2 “the mountain of the house of Jehovah will become firmly established (kun)”.
  • Isaiah 45:18 “The Former of the earth and the Maker of it, He, the One who firmly established (kun) it,…”
  • Micah 4:1 “the mountain of the house of Jehovah will become firmly established (kun)”.
  • Psalm 93:1″The productive land also becomes firmly established (kun), so that it cannot be made to totter (mot)”;
  • Psalm 96:10 “The productive land also becomes firmly established (kun), so that it cannot be made to totter (mot)” ;
  • Psalm 107:36 “…they firmly establish (kun) a city of habitation…”
  • Jeremiah 10:12 “He is the maker of the earth by his power, the One firmly establishing (kun) the productive land by his wisdom and the One who by his understanding stretched out (natah) the heavens.
  • Jeremiah 33.2 “the Maker of the earth has said, Jehovah the former of it to establish it firmly (kun),…”
  • Jeremiah 51:15 “He is the maker of the earth by his power, the One firmly establishing (kun) the productive land by his wisdom, and the One who by his understanding stretched out (natah) the heavens.”
  • Psalm 125:1 Those trusting in Jehovah are like Mount Zion, which cannot be made to totter (mot), but dwells even to time indefinite.
  • Job 41:23 The folds of its flesh do cling together; they are as a casting upon it, immovable. (mot) (About Leviathan)
  • Psalm 46:5 God is in the midst of the city; it will not be made to totter (mot)
  • Psalm 55:22 Never will he allow the righteous one to totter (mot)
  • Psalm 104:5 He has founded the earth upon its established places; it will not be made to totter (mot) to time indefinite, or forever.
  • Isaiah 41:7 About the making of an idol: “Finally one fastened it with nails that it could not be made to totter (mot)

A Hebrew verb more: Amad

One of the Hebrew verbs used in Psalm 119:90 is also recurring in Joshua 10:12-13  and is amad עָמַד that means to stand still, to stop, to take one’s stand. It refers to the temporary standing still of both, the moon and the sun. So it logically means that, as the sun and moon were momentarily set to be standing still, the same is for the earth.

Psalm 119:90   Hebrew   wat·ta·‘ă·mōḏ                ‘e.res                 kō·w·nan·tā

English    and it stands still            the earth         you have fixed

Verbs       amad                                                           kun

wat·ta·‘ă·mōḏ ‘e.res kō·w·nan·tā: it stands still  the earth that you have fixed

1Chronicles 16:30 according to the Latin rendering of the Vulgate

The same verb kun found in 1Chronicles 16:30, in the Latin Vulgate, is rendered by the following words: Ipse enim fundavit orbem immobilem:  He himself founded the earth to be firm. Find below the lexical analysis of the sentence.

Hebrew     tim·mō·wṭ.  bal-    tê·ḇêl            tik·kō·wn’           ap̄-          hā·’ā·reṣ,

English    do moved      not     the world      shall be fixed       also       the earth

Verb           mot                                                     kun

 

God’s word is stationed in the heavens

To keep on reading up to the  verse 89, Psalm 119 says something  captivating: It says that “God’s word is stationed in the heavens.” What’s the meaning? It suggests all the description the Bible gives relative to the heavens is to be considered the truth. The skies are to be looked as an outstanding confirmation of God’s word. So, when you want to know the real features of the upper space you have to search in the Bible. On the other hand, when you examine the architecture of the skies you can find them mirrored in the Bible. Their foundations are there, just as inside an old map of the firmament.

Something similar is expressed in Psalm 89:2 “As for the heavens, you keep your faithfulness firmly established in them.” Here the verb used to render “firmly established” is kun again. So the implicit meaning is: the heavens are a clear demonstration of the truth of the Word. Just as a copy can be faithful to the original. You have to understand their geometry to farther comprehend the faithfulness of God.

An establishment which is ongoing

 When the Scriptures say the world is “established” (in Hebrew, kun), it indicates that the establishment is ongoing. See for example 1Chron. 22:10, Judges 16:26,29 and Ezra 3:3 where “kun” is used to explain an ongoing lack of motion.

1 Chron. 22:10            I shall certainly establish the throne of his kingship firmly over Israel …

Ezra3:3                         So they established the altar firmly upon its site…

Judges 16:26,29         …the pillars upon which the house is firmly established…

The only times the Bible indicates the earth will “move” (in Hebrew, “mot”  מוֹט) is in the context of the end of the world, where God will come in judgment. (e.g. Isaiah 13:13; Joel 3:16) This will coincide with the final developments of Marc 13:24-25 and 2 Peter 3:10-12

No Earth’s movement was ever shown

No one–not Copernicus, not Kepler, not Galileo, not Newton, not Einstein–absolutely no one has proved the earth to be moving. Positively, a great number of scientific experiments using strict mathematics and sound reasoning have shown no earth movement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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