# Eclipses of the Moon on a flat earth

## Eclipses on a flat earth

Eclipses on a flat earth till now remained a mystery.  One of the most difficult phenomena to explain,  that are occurring regularly over the earth, are the moon phases and the eclipses. So let’s start.

Astronomers always say that the moon and the earth are spinning around their axis in a perfectly synchronous movement.  As a consequence humankind has always seen the same face of the moon. Official science explains that the Earth and the moon move in resonance spin-orbit.  This occurs due to the fact that the ratio between the two periods is the same. It means the period T, when the moon revolves around the Earth, corresponds to the rotation period τ  around its axis.  T and τ express the same duration, that is T= τ=27,32 days.  But…just a moment, kids! I’m looking at something that I cannot absolutely believe! I wonder how that incredible spell, keeping the moon and the earth in such a synchronous movement, can be able to go on for so many millennia!

### The Moon, the Sun, and the number 400

In addition, they say the sun is 400 times bigger but is 400 times farther than the moon. They are trying, this way, to justify the fact the moon and the sun look in the firmament like as having the same dimensions! This hypothesis will always appear, to all the reasonable people, as something absolutely amazing! However, they want us to believe their explanations to be completely and thoroughly satisfactory, but is it like that? How do they explain the moon phases? They say the moon does not possess its own light but it is just reflecting the solar beams. They attribute the changing of the phases to the different positions the lunar sphere assumes in the course of the month, being differently illuminated by the sun. But, as far as we’re concerned, let’s suppose something totally different.

### A huge Moebius magnetic strip

Imagine the moon to be moving on a sort of huge Moebius magnetic strip. This will be the only explanation able to give a reason for the moon phases over a flat earth. Just observing the strip you will easily understand what I mean.

A Möbius strip is made with a piece of paper and tape. If an ant were to crawl along the length of this strip, it would return to its starting point having traversed the entire length of the strip (on both sides of the original paper) without ever crossing an edge. (from Wikipedia)

So, I want to explore the hypothesis: the Moebius strip is set up inside the inner boundaries of the Van Allen belt. I must, therefore, postulate the moon to be a disc and not a sphere. How would it be possible, otherwise, always to look at the same side of the moon? Really impossible.

### Luna Incandita

Galileo, somewhere, describes a particular phenomenon as Luna Incandita, i.e. illuminated by the Earth.  It is a phenomenon that sometimes we can enjoy when looking at the sky. It shows and creates a particular light you can see near the new moon. This situation will provide a more in-depth understanding of our lunar astronomy.

Near the phase of the new moon, you just notice it already looks like a very narrow sickle. Then it could happen to notice that the rest of the lunar disc can be visible although not fully illuminated. As a matter of facts, it turns to a gray color, also known as the Moon’s ashen glow. Sometimes, English speaking people refer to it as the old Moon in the new Moon’s arms.

Astronomers often explain this weak luminescence as it was the earth reflecting the light of the sun to the moon. Immediately the moon would reflect this same light again. So the sickle would be the part of the moon that the sun directly illuminates. I wonder however how this illuminated part could present such precise boundaries with no gradual shading. In fact, it appears just as a sudden change from light to shadow. The question, so, will be the following: Is the moon a simple disc and not a sphere?  It is certainly an inquiry to evaluate.

This is actually what you should see, was the moon a sphere: a passage from the highlight, to light and then shadow. Anyway, this is something it doesn’t happen.

### A northern magnetic pole

I tend to believe that, most likely, the moon illuminates due to an electromagnetic interaction between the Van Allen belt and the Sun. We should recognize that, at the northern central pole of the earth, there’s a polar electromagnetic column exercising a big influence all over the system and creating the right conditions not only for the show of the Northern Lights but even for the event of the lunar eclipses.

### An answer to an objection

Objection:

How would it be conceivable for a disc to be seen in the same way by all the observers on the Earth?

Really you have to consider that,  when the moon is full, all the observers all over the earth can perceive it as full, actually everywhere. If the moon is really near to the Earth, all the observer that is immediately below will perceive it as a circle, while the observers far away from it can get the perception of an ellipse more and more mashed, as far as they step away.

You shouldn’t forget the extraordinary optical effects the atmosphere is able to generate thanks to refraction. Due to different density layers, for instance, an observer will see a celestial body in the sky to appear higher than it is in the reality.

In order to get the same sight of the lunar disc all over the Earth, you should assist to an inversion of the refractive index.

Thus, you could be involved in the situation represented in the picture below:

What could be the cause of such an inversion? Let’s try some hypothesis.

### Van Allen Belt

I have to imagine the Mobius strip asset within the same space interval of the Van Allen belt that, according to many scholars, is active between 1000 and 6000 km height. These data are fully in harmony with the original hypothesis, since, over the flat earth circle, the moon is moving on a spiral-conical-shaped trajectory between 3321 and 6642 km height. Scientists postulate that this belt is generated by plasma trapped within the earth magnetic field. In that zone, electrons have a particularly intense flux with high kinetic energy. Interesting enough is the fact that the first spacecraft giving an indication of such a plasma belt was a Russian satellite called Moon 1.

Recent studies have proved that an electromagnetic wave passing through a plasma, when sufficiently ionized, will be clearly influenced, in relation to its transmission, by the free charged particles.

Plasma can change the relative permittivity which is called the dielectric constant of the mean [εr]. You know from optics that the refractive index n obeys to this law:

So the supposition that the Moebius /Van Allen plasma belt could impact the light coming from the moon is absolutely admissible. This way the lunar disc would appear quite the same to all observers all over the earth.

### Plasma in the Van Allen Belt

Now, let’s go a little farther and say that the Moon belongs to the Van Allen Belt system, and they are constituting a single and only a single body so generating the lunar phases. Van Allen belt is made up of a plasma trapped in the magnetic field of the Earth. Plasma can be easily shaped by the sun. This is because the charged electrical particles constituting the plasma can be oriented by the magnetic field of the sun. This strip, thus, gets continuously shaped and reshaped when the sun passes through. According to this hypothesis, we can understand a bit farther the relation between the phases of the moon and the sun. Plasma gets shaped in such a way to allow the passage of the moonlight ( the moon is self-luminescent) giving also to the disc its shape according to the phase of the day of the month.

But what about the moon eclipses? No Flat Earther, up to now, has been able to explain these phenomena in a satisfactory way. Moon eclipses occur when the moon and the sun are in opposition around the North Pole. Moreover, the moon has to be on its nodes, that means that moon and sun are at the same height. In addition,  for a lunar eclipse actually, to occur, the moon needs to be full.

### Umbra and Penumbra

Traditionally astronomers believe the moon eclipses occur due to the passage of the moon through the cone of the shadow and the neighboring penumbra. Anyway, over a flat earth system, we cannot imagine such a shadow. We just can postulate the activity of a powerful magnetic field interposing between the sun and the moon. Thus we have to posit that, over the Northern Pole, there’s a magnetic column endowed with a strong electromagnetic field. It could be just an apparently small column having a radius of o a  few kilometers, vertically shaped. We can detect the column activity when observing the movements of Northern lights. It is a magnetic field crossing vertically all the dome, from the basis up to the top.

The amazing colors of the Northern Lights are produced by the solar wind. There is a continuous flow of charged particles coming from the sun’s atmosphere and the earth magnetosphere. The magnetic field of the earth concentrates at the poles. The charged particles plunge into the upper atmosphere where they enter into collision with the gases that surround the earth. These collisions create energy, and the excess energy produces the Northern Lights.

### Polarization of the light

Usually, the light of the sun and of the moon are polarized in two different ways, one on the y-axis and the other on the z-axis.  So, the light of the sun must be partially polarized.

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In normal situations, the sunlight is not influencing the light of the moon.

We know however that a magnetic field can change the polarization angle of an electromagnetic wave passing through. When the sun and the full moon are on the opposite sides of the magnetic column and stay at the same height, on the nodes, a lunar eclipse is going to start. The electromagnetic waves arriving from the sun to the moon, change their polarization angle. They assume the same angle of the light generated by the moon. In this case, the light beams interact determining at first a slowdown that lengthens the wave propagation. This same slowdown is due to the light scattering among the etherons of both the radiations, the solar and the lunar ones.  Then the ensuing dark will be a result of the destructive interference between the two waves.

Thus, you can notice on the face of the moon the typical coppery colored light. This is a distinctive mark of the first moments of the eclipse. The light is then completely annulled and you can enjoy the show of the eclipse, total or partial.