# Magic Squares, Sator-Rotas and the “magic” numbers of the Sun and the Moon

Magic squares are squares that contain particular numbers arranged in equal rows and columns such that the sum of each row and column (and sometimes diagonal) are the same.

The earliest known magic square appeared in China dating back to at least 650 B.C.E.(Lo Shu and the tortoise who could talk with a boy after the flood), but magic squares were represented also in Persia, India, Arabia and Europe.

## 666 and the magic square of the sun

The magic square of the sun is probably the most famous of all magic squares. Adding the numbers in each of the columns of the square (either horizontally or vertically) the sum will always result in 111, with all six rows summing to the intriguing number 666.This is  quite an astonishing corroboration about some numbers I have given relating to the sun in a previous article I wrote about our earth pond and the tent of the sun. See also the article about Demlo numbers: 111, 333, 666, and many other curious digits. What are Demlo numbers?

The magic square is another powerful tool we can use to describe the Earth and the firmament above. Below you can see two images about the magic square of the sun.

The square has order 6 that is the number of rows and columns and 111 is the magical constant. By multiplying 111 many times we were able to find the cone of the sun, the radiuses of the cone and all the orbits.

The number 666 is most famously noted in St. John’s Revelation in the verse 13:18:

“Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast for it is a number of man and his number is Six Hundred Three Score and Six.”

The Sator square also is a word square containing the Latin palindrome

 S  A  T  O  R A  R  E  P  O T  E  N  E  T O  P  E  R  A R  O  T  A  S

A word square is a special type of acrostic. It consists of a set of words written out in a square grid such that the same words can be read both horizontally and vertically. Sator-Rotas is a remarkable ancient inscription containing five words read as a perfect palindrome mirror-like image, not only readable in forward and reverse , but also up and down because it is the symmetrical  combination of five Latin words, each of five letters, the whole forming a set which can be read in four different ways. Scholars have  always searched to find the meaning of this combination  and they sometimes agree  in their suppositions:

SATOR  is, among other, a word connected to Saturn,  one of the planets.

AREPO is a word which can be reversed into a passably coined name  “Ares”, the Greek god of war, in Rome also called Mars, the name given to another of the planets. Some scholars think the word AREPO could also be intended as a plough, (Latin hirpex, English harrow, Italian erpice, etc.) in the sense of a chariot, or, as another hypothesis, Polaris and its constellation, the Chariot .

TENET is the third person of the latin verb teneo meaning to hold/keep in control/in the hand.

OPERA is the world’s creation, following the exact expression found  in the first chapters of Genesis.

ROTAS  are the orbits of the celestial bodies in perpetual revolution over the earth.

The use of the word OPERA  when referring to the world’s creation seems quite appropriate  and someone of my readers could, maybe, remember of an Hebrew writer named Philo of Alexandria   (from C. 25 B.C.E. up to C. 50 C.E.),  an Hellenistic Jewish writer , the author of  “De Mundi Opificio”, a philosophical work where  the word opificium  in the title is an allusion, among other,  to  Genesis’s first chapters . The Latin word opificium can be translated  as work  and it corresponds to the Greek κοσμοποιιαϛ or creation of the earth and the skies.

Another interesting passage where the reader of the Bible happens to meet with the same word  OPERA  is in 2 Peter 3:10  where the apostle, talking of the Lord’s Day, when this world will be judged, says: “…but the elements (Greek στοιχεια= the celestial bodies“) being intensely hot will be dissolved and earth and the works  (Greek ερϒα  = Latin OPERA  ) in it will be discovered”. Here the word opera is not to be intended as human deeds   but God’s creative works that are manifest in the earth and in the firmament above.  About στοιχεια I would only say that in classical Greek it meant a part of a series. Tα στοιχεια του κοσμου are normally intended as the fundamental, the basic elements of  physical skies. στοιχεια are, for instance, the principles of a science, of art, of instruction or of an institution. But  considering our context in Peter’s letter, you should remember that the verb  στοιχειν was a military term (used in the 2nd volume of the Histories of Flavius Arrianus , the writer of the Anabasis about  Alexander’s  life and military expeditions).   Arrianus ( 95- 175 C.E.) was living in a period not too far from Peter’s time and his use of the term can easily enlighten  the value of the word in  Peter’s letter. στοιχειν  is a verb meaning to walk in a row, to make a row, a series. It was said about soldiers proceeding in a strict order, keeping in line with their squad leader  up to their rear guard and  always maintaining  the same distance within all their neighbors. This lexical note will be of great significance when, in  a future article, I will explain more about the orbits of the planets and, for this reason, it should be kept in mind.

Here below are a few examples of the use of the words opus and opera  in the Latin Vulgata:

Genesis 2:1-3 from Biblia Sacra Vulgata: “Igitur perfecti sunt caeli et terra et omnis ornatum eorum quod complevitque  Deus die septimo opus suum quod fecerat  et requievit die septimo ab universo opere quod creaverat…”

Psalmi  102:25 “quam multa sunt opera tua Domine omnia in sapientia fecisti impleta est terra possessione tua…”

As  the avera
ge readers of the Scriptures generally understand, the earth and the skies throughout the book of Genesis,  Psalms and the whole Bible are referred to as  “OPERA” of God’s hands.

Anyway, the SATOR formula has a long history and betrays cryptic Jewish symbols. To many scholars it seems reasonable to conclude that this square originated during the Jewish Diaspora with Latin speaking  Jews  maybe settled in Italy in a period immediately prior to the Christian Era.

The first discovery of the SATOR inscription was  found in Pompei at a Publius Paquius Proculus Domus and relates to a time not later the year of the volcanic eruption in 79  C. E.

The Sator-Rotas  inscription that was found on a wall in Pompei.

There were also efforts to trace the ROTAS images to the first chapter of the prophet Ezekiel,  the passage  that some  Jews, following a cabbalistic way of thinking,  sometimes connect  to the Merkavah.  Merkavah or Merkabah or the Chariot Jewish Mysticism is centered on Ezekiel’s visions of the wheels  and the living creatures  standing nearby.

For other people the Sator-Rotas Square also contains references to the cube of the New Jerusalem: the square  would occupy a three dimensional space as a perfect copy of the universe. Anyway, this and other will be the subject for future additional articles.

# The square of the moon

I have spoken already of the moon in the previous article: the-moon-trajectory-on-a-flat-earth.

My readers should realize that  describing the cone of the moon is not always so easy. The  moon behaves differently from  the sun because the cone of the night luminary, though similar to that of the sun, is not exactly the same. The magic square of the moon can be used to better understand its cone. Let’s try.

In the image here on your left you can see the square of the moon.

As you can notice, the order of the square is 9 and the magic constant is 369. By multiplying many times 369 you can find the cone of the moon. You know from my article about the moon that the cone of this luminary is very near to that of the sun. So we find:

 Radius  [km] Height [Km] Orbit [Km] Upper orbit 369×18=6642 369×18= 6642 6642x2x3=39852 Lower orbit 369×36=13284 369×9=3321 13284x2x3=79704

To calculate the orbit, I consider the value of Pi equal 3 (as already indicated in a previous article).

So, while the sun can be completely described by using  number 6, the moon can be described with the number 9.  As many of my readers will certainly remember, 69 is the symbol of the Ying and Yang, representing the eternal rotation of Sun and Moon over the surface of the Earth.

The cone of the moon obtained with this calculation is a central configuration around which the moon oscillates with a cycle of 18,5 years. This is the libration movement of the moon in latitude that makes the moon intersecting the cone of the sun. Incidentally,   18,5 years multiplied 360 days for each year, is 6660 days. Again the numbers of the sun and the moon intersect one into the other.

To conclude, we can say that the sun is six, the moon is nine and these numbers describe the eternal rotation and intersecting of these two luminaries. The magic squares are a very powerful instrument that will help us to better illustrate,  in future posts,  the movements of all planets.