Neutrons

Post N. 120

Protons stay at the very heart of the atoms. Moreover, there is a force keeping united the protons in the nucleus of the atom. Science states that protons are not the ultimate particle of the matter but that there are inside smaller particles called quarks.

The proton, in itself, does not exist in nature. In chemistry, the term proton is often used to describe a hydrogen ion in water solution. The mass of the proton is 1.672×10-27kg and its charge is 1.602×10-19C. The two numbers are very near to the value of the golden number:  φ=1,618.

The gluonic field energy

The greater part of the mass of a proton is given by the gluonic field energy. This exotic name is to describe the force that keeps together the quarks forming the proton. And this field is nothing else than the strong nuclear force created by virtual particles called gluons. On the other hand,  when the strong nuclear interaction is viewed as the force keeping together the protons of the nucleus, the mesons are called pions. How can we explain, within the new model, the role of quarks and the force field keeping them together?

A system of particles in a vortex

In the new model, as you can personally deduce, the proton is not a particle but a system of particles kept together by a vortex. It is an abundance of particles due to the fact that the constituting vortex keeps on attracting etherons toward the center of the proton. So the proton, as stated by mainstream science, is formed by many sub-particles. These sub-particles are etherons and not quarks. Etherons are thus the elementary particles constituting the protons. The gluonic field of force is not intermediated by some new particle like gluons, but it is our vortex. By rotating, the vortex keeps the etherons inside and maintains their number constant. This is the glue that produces the proton. No gluons are needed.

The difference between protons and electrons

Can we say the same for electrons? The electron is formed exactly like the proton by etherons. Science, however, doesn’t apply the strong nuclear force to the electrons as well. This is because they are not formed by quarks, as they claim. We know however that an electron is a scarcity of etherons. However, electrons are formed by etherons. What is the difference between protons and electrons?

Electrons, when they overlap the protons and form atoms, are however somewhat different from protons. When the electrons overlap the protons to form an atom, their vortex oscillates with different frequency, according to their energy. In this sense, electrons are different from protons. However, when they are taken per se alone, they are exactly like protons, a vortex that works on ether.

Neutrons

We have till now discussed of protons, electrons and strong nuclear interaction (or force). I want now to speak about neutrons. Science states that a neutron mass is slightly greater than the proton one. Analyzing the neutron, we will be driven to consider the weaker nuclear force. To understand this, we have to examine how a neutron is made.

The beta decay of a neutron

To comprehend, we have to consider what the beta decay of a neutron is. This is radioactive decay, i.e. a nuclear reaction. Through it, a radioactive chemical element gets transformed in another one, with a different atomic number. It is a decay that occurs when, in a nucleus, there is a greater number of neutrons in comparison with protons. The consequence will be a lack of equilibrium. The decay leads to a situation of energetic equilibrium.

The decaying of the neutrons

Neutrons decay by emitting Beta rays, i.e. fast electrons. This point can appear strange since electrons are emitted by a nucleus containing only protons and neutrons. This is because neutrons are not stable when being let alone and disintegrate only by decaying in a proton, an electron, and an antineutrino.

nàp+e+

The antineutrino

The antineutrino has a negligible mass, much smaller than the electron’s one and neutral charge. Antineutrinos keep with them only energy, making this way more stable the nucleus emitting them. This is because they pass to a lower state of energy.

How can we explain the beta decay of the neutron with our new ether model?

The neutron has no charge but it decays in a proton plus an electron and an antineutrino. Science states that this decay is due to the weak nuclear interaction (force). It acts by changing the “flavor” of the quarks that are composing the neutron, in order to produce a proton. A proton is in fact made by two quarks up and one quark down. The neutron has on the other way two quarks down and one up. One quark changes flavor thanks to the weak interaction.

Dividing the proton from the electron

In reality, the neutron doesn’t change. It is already formed by a proton plus an electron. The two vortexes are kept united, forming the neutron, by the weak nuclear interaction. The neutron is thus a sort of very simple atom formed by a positive and a negative charge. The antineutrino, this particle with a very small mass, is, in reality, the energy necessary to divide the proton and the electron, once the neutron is expelled. When the neutron is expelled by the nucleus, the antineutrino divides the proton and electron. The neutron this way decays.

The antineutrino is a vortex that rotates in such a way to divide the proton end the electron. This vortex is the weak nuclear force that can create a proton from a neutron. It is weaker than the strong nuclear force that keeps united the nucleus; in fact, it can’t divide the neutron until this is included in the nucleus.

With this chapter, we conclude. We have described till now the gravity force, the force that moves the celestial bodies, the electric field, the magnetic field, the strong nuclear force and the weak one. All these are forces that are generated by the ether.

 

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