Photons/ Etherons for the Fiat Lux

 

Photons and Etherons: they went into existence with the fiat lux, on day one. God created plants on the third Day, but only the day after he created the sun. This article explores the order of some of the events in Creation. I will consider the nature of the light God created on Day One. Moreover, we’ll try to imagine how the needs of single-celled microorganisms were satisfied throughout the starting times.

I am about to consider the first chapter of Genesis. Since the beginning, night and day started their succession, one from the other. It happened long before the visible light of the sun could be seen anywhere in the expanse of the skies. At this very starting point, darkness was covering the surface of the waters. And without the favor of the darkness, God wouldn’t have created light, nor life.

In the beginning, the sunlight was not visible from the earth. But the fiat lux activated the particles of the ether in order to read the radiation-waves and their frequencies. So light-waves could be identified even before the sunbeams were visible over the watery deep.

In philosophy, this reality – days coming out of darkness – has an important correlation. It corresponds to the fact that the noumenon (the object of thinking) comes before, and phenomena (the physical appearing objects) follow. It is as saying that the visible is from the invisible.  And the light from darkness. The Catholic Creed recites: Light out of light. The Quran explains the same: Light upon Light (Surah an-Nur) Thus the meaning is that light was contained in darkness. And darkness was strictly connected to the light, as the germ of it was already inside.

The Pythagoreans and the philosophical value of zero

In the same way, all numbers are contained in zero. It does not make truth to say zero was not known in the far antiquity. The zero was represented by the circle. This non-number was an unlimited space, the container and the content of all the numerical couples. Mathematicians say it is the sum of all the positive and the negative, real or imaginary numbers.

Like darkness, zero is not simply absence (nihil). It is the whole (totum) which is containing in it all the latent numbers corresponding to the dormant phenomena. Our physical senses cannot immediately perceive something that will be revealed only when it will be preceded by another number. Such was darkness. Darkness was the unlimited, the totipotent reality, but the light was the limit. Light gives things the color and defines their limited forms. On the other hand,  darkness denies limits and is in correspondence with indetermination.

Two categories of numbers

Pythagoreans divided numbers into two categories: odd and even numbers or clear and dark numbers. This was pertaining to what was known as the Pythagorean doctrine of the opposites. It was a domain where the Oneness of Light was the opposite of the Multiplicity of Darkness. And the light was considered somewhat tending to be stationary. This can appear quite strange when you know the speed of light is about 300.000km/ s. On the other hand, darkness was thought to be tending to the motion.

You have thus two cosmological categories, the clear one, and the dark one. The first is bright, diurnal, male, hot, solar, tending to the form (the limit) and to centripetal quietness. The other is obscure, night, feminine, cold, lunar,  verging to the formless and to the unlimited. In addition, showing a tendency to the expansive, centrifugal movement. The cosmic harmony is the result of limit and unlimited, light and darkness. Cosmos is ordered, not disorder. It’s an equilibrium among the contraries, not the annihilation of one of them. This is, according to the Pythagoreans, the art of numbers and the art of measure. This also is the beginning of God’s creative job.

The totipotent cells of life

So, in the beginning, you could find darkness. And watery slime. In the darkness, there was life, the totipotent cells of life. Everything was hidden there. What happened? Let’s try some hypothesis. All humanity came out of just one original pair. The same could be imagined for all other forms of life that were brought out from the many single-celled living organisms. In the primitive waters, different organisms started then to thrive. Let’s say there were many totipotent single-celled entities which started to divide and multiply. Each of them, as the Bible says, was existing         “according to their kinds “. We cannot know exactly what they were, but let focus our attention on some hypothetical algae.

 

Algae starting to produce  oxygen

It is estimated that marine plants produce today between 70 and 80 percent of all the oxygen in the atmosphere. Nearly all marine plants are single-celled, photosynthetic algae. Think about it, 70 percent to 80 percent of all the oxygen we breathe comes from algae! Without them we would really be sucking wind, but not for long! We should remember that, before, when grass and other land plants and trees had not yet been created, oxygen was not available on the surface of the earth.

There are billions of the little critters in the water just pumping out oxygen left and right. Even though you may not see them, they are there. Remember, these little cells go down to over 300 feet below the surface so they have lots of room to spread out. There are more than 7,000 different species of algae.  Phytoplankton is tiny microscopic plants too, algae that form the base of the marine food chain.

Phytoplankton

Some phytoplankton is bacteria, some are protists, and most are single-celled plants. Like land plants, phytoplankton has chlorophyll to capture sunlight, and they use photosynthesis to turn it into chemical energy. They consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen.

So let’s imagine. In an indefinite period of time, the organisms living inside the waters have already produced some quantity of oxygen.

Light under the surface of the sea waters

Then, diving deep enough under the surface of the dark waters, you would have discovered light. Some 90 percent of the fish and crustaceans dwelling today at depths of 100 to 1,000 meters are capable of making their own light. Flashlight fish hunt and communicate with a flashing code.  They have light pockets that pulse under their eyes. There are fish shooting luminous ink at their attackers. One of these fish is called the shining tubeshoulder. This is because it actually has a tube on its shoulders that can squirt out beams of light. Hatchetfish, small deep-sea, bioluminescent fishes make themselves appear invisible by generating light on their underbellies. So they are able to mimic downwelling sunlight and predators prowling below look up to see only a continuous glow.

Luciferin and the sea pansy

The sea pansy is a small, petal-like frond covered in polyps with a thick purple stem that anchors the organism into the sand. It can reach a total length of three inches, with the frond reaching a diameter of two inches. The sea pansy displays a green bioluminescence when it is disturbed.

In nearly all shining organisms, bioluminescence requires three ingredients. They are oxygen, a light-emitting pigment called a luciferin (from the Latin word lucifer, meaning light-bringing), and an enzyme called a luciferase. When a luciferin reacts with oxygen—a process facilitated by luciferase—it forms an excited, unstable compound that emits light.

Bioluminescence

Enter the comb jelly. These ancient sea creatures—thought by some to be the first branch of the animal family tree—have long been suspected of being able to produce coelenterazine. But no one had been able to confirm that, much less track the genetic instruction kit at work.

Scientists have indexed thousands of bioluminescent organisms across the tree of life, and they expect to add many more. Yet researchers have long wondered how bioluminescence came to be. Now, as explained in several recently released studies, researchers have made significant progress in understanding the chemical origins of bioluminescence.

Renilla reniformis

Renilla-luciferin 2-monooxygenase or RLuc is a bioluminescent enzyme found in Renilla reniformis, belonging to a group of coelenterazine luciferases. Of this group of enzymes, the luciferase from Renilla reniformis has been the most extensively studied. Recently, chimeras of RLuc have been developed and demonstrated to be the brightest luminescent proteins to date.(Wikipedia)

Luciferase is a generic term for the class of oxidative enzymes that produce bioluminescence.  Luciferases are widely used for many applications as fluorescent proteins. However, unlike fluorescent proteins, luciferases do not require an external light source, but only require an addition of luciferin.(Wikipedia)

Fluorescence

Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation. It is a form of luminescence. In most cases, the emitted light has a longer wavelength, and therefore lower energy, than the absorbed radiation. The most striking example of fluorescence occurs when the absorbed radiation is in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum, and thus invisible to the human eye, while the emitted light is in the visible region, which gives the fluorescent substance a distinct color that can only be seen when exposed to UV light. Fluorescent materials cease to glow immediately when the radiation source stops, unlike phosphorescence, where it continues to emit light for some time after.(Wikipedia)

The green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a protein that exhibits bright green fluorescence when exposed to light in the blue to ultraviolet range. The GFP from the sea pansy(Renilla reniformis) has a single major excitation peak at 498 nm in the visible range of light. GFP makes for an excellent tool in many forms of biology due to its ability to work without requiring any accessory cofactors, other than molecular oxygen.[4]

A new term introduced for the description  of light

The luciferase is closely associated with a luciferin-binding protein as well as a green fluorescent protein (GFP). Due to the closely associated GFP, the energy released by the luciferase is instead coupled through resonance energy transfer to the fluorophore of the GFP and is subsequently released as a photon of green light (peak emission wavelength 510 nm). The catalyzed reaction is:

coelenterazine + O2 → coelenteramide + CO2 + photon of light.

I would like to say I disagree with the last statement. This is because photons cannot be created by any living organisms or by whatsoever chemical reaction, due to the fact that they are the invisible constituents of the ether. Anyway, I have to say this is a language problem. As light is due to the ether particles emitting light we have surely the necessity to introduce a new technical word to define these particles. I could accept again the word photon only when I have specified that the ether particles are differently named, for instance, I could call them etherons. This is an interesting neologism my assistant has suggested. Elsewhere I would be forced to substitute the word photon  with another expression:

coelenterazine + O2 →  coelenteramide + CO2 + emission of light.

Coelenterazine is the luciferin, the light-emitting molecule, found in many aquatic organisms.  It is the substrate of many luciferases such as Renilla reniformis luciferase (Rluc). The molecule absorbs light in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum, with peak absorption at 435 nm in methanol, giving the molecule a yellow color.(Wikipedia)

Conclusions

Now, let’s give conclusions: at the beginning, there was only darkness. Then the ether formed by etherons started to be the target for the invisible light emissions coming from the luminaries. Oxygen was still missing. Then, thanks to many unicelled algae and microorganisms like plankton, oxygen started to be available. Little marine critters began to produce visible light after absorbing radiations from the invisible range. Ether was starting doing the job: the light photon was emitted in each portion of ether where moving waves happened to excite the subsisting etherons. The fiat lux was already effective.

The ether is made of etherons. They have the ability to be stressed by the different frequencies of the radiations coming from the luminaries or from a radio source. They also have the ability to respond to the stress by emitting waves of different length that emanate light, sound or heat. We can agree to call the emitted reaction photon or phonon or heat emission. Etherons are quite stationary. They don’t move with the speed of light. They are sort of photo-phono receptors endowed with the ability to read the frequency of the weave and to respond emitting a light or a sound (and much more, for instance, heat) in the corresponding range.

 

 

 

 

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