# Turbines moving the waters inside the Dome

Turbines are motors and the dome, in order to move, needs the most powerful of all motors.

Up to now, I have discussed the dome as being formed of two different rings:

1) a  stationary inner layer made of glass composites and having a positive charge;

2)  a moving exterior layer made up of crystals and silicates, negatively charged.

In the middle of the sandwich, there’s an interstice filled with water. It is a watery extension of 1110 kilometers that surrounds all the circle of the dome. So let’s recap. Between the inner, stationary layer, 6660 km thick, and the exterior moving ring of the dome, we have an impressive watery mass. 5550 kilometers is the thickness of the crystal external moving vault and 1110 kilometers is the expansion of the waters around the circle of the dome.  We have to understand that the first mobile is suspended and rotates over the surface of the 6660 kilometers of the watery chasm. Anyway, we can be sure, the earth below, negatively charged, is protected from the flooding of the upper waters. The inner glassy layer, 6660 kilometers thick, is performing that operation in complete security since unmemorable times. We don’t know what sort of gates are located on the exterior of the dome to prevent waters from dispersing in the outer vacuum. Magnetism should be implicated. You could possibly dare to think to a sort of change in p-branes dimensions as in the physics of strings!!!

So, it is really that watery inter-space that is the focus of the post you are reading today.

You could imagine the movement of the two rings of the dome around the earth as the movement of the rotor of a turbine mounted horizontally around a vertical stationary stator.

# What is a Turbine?

A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fast-moving flow of water, gas, air, or any fluid and converts it into useful work.

It is a turbomachine with at least one moving part called a rotor assembly, which is a shaft or drum with bucket-blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades so that they move and transmit the rotational energy to the rotor.

### Horizontal wheels

Horizontal wheels have a vertical axis, commonly called a tub wheel or Norse mill. The horizontal wheel is essentially a very primitive and inefficient form of the modern turbine. It is usually mounted inside a mill building below the working floor. A jet of water is directed onto the paddles of the water wheel, causing them to turn; water exits beneath the wheel, generally through the center. This is a simple system, usually used without gearing so that the vertical axle of the water wheel becomes the drive spindle of the mill.

### Wheels used in the modern times’ industry

The earliest water wheels in Calderdale (the historical textile industry district in West Yorkshire England UK) were undershot wheels which were placed directly in the stream. They were used mainly on rivers such as the Calder with a large quantity of water but without much fall.

The water wheels built in the late 18th and early 19th century were usually overshot or occasionally breast shot wheels. Because these wheels are turned by the weight of water, this meant that a relatively small stream could be used to turn some large water wheels.

Basic Types

Water wheels fall into one of two categories, which are defined by the plane of rotation of the wheel:

Horizontal, i.e. a wheel rotating about a vertical axis.

Vertical, i.e. a wheel rotating about a horizontal axis

http://www.powerinthelandscape.co.uk/water/water_wheels.html

The waterwheel concept is used in dams to generate electricity. Dams are some of the largest human-made structures on Earth. In fact, the Hoover Dam on the Colorado River in Nevada is 221 meters high, 379 meters long and 14 meters wide at the top. That is pretty big! It has 17 electric generators and provides electricity for about 500,000 homes in Nevada, Arizona, and California. The world’s largest hydroelectric power plant — the Itaipú Power Plant on the Paraná River in Brazil — provides energy to two countries (25% of Brazil’s electricity and 78% of Paraguay’s electricity).

The same concepts that are employed in a waterwheel are used in these gigantic hydroelectric power plants. A waterwheel is a simple turbine — a device with buckets, paddles or blades that is rotated by moving water, converting the kinetic energy of water into mechanical movement. Hydroelectric power plants use huge and more complex turbines to generate electricity.

### About the perpetual motion research

Let’s add a brief note about historical attempts to build the perpetual motion machine. Bhāskara’s wheel was invented in 1150 by Bhāskara II, an Indian mathematician, in an attempt to create a hypothetical perpetual motion machine. The wheel consisted of curved or tilted spokes partially filled with mercury. Once in motion, the mercury would flow from one side of the spoke to another, thus forcing the wheel to continue the motion, in constant dynamic equilibrium. (Wikipedia) Surfing on the web you could certainly find a lot of interesting videos and materials regarding this topic.

## A few additional historical notes

Since the antiquity water wheels were used for irrigation or for mills. Think, for instance, to sakias or norias.

In more recent times Poncelet invented a waterwheel that doubled the efficiency of existing undershot waterwheels through a series of detail improvements. The first Poncelet wheel was constructed in 1838, and the design quickly became common in France.  Although the design was a great improvement on existing designs, further improvements in turbine design rendered the Poncelet wheel obsolete by the mid-century.

The observations and subsequent modifications of the water wheel by Lester Pelton in the 1890’s set off the development of water turbines.  Today there are various designs of water turbines operating in modern hydroelectric dams around the world.  The Pelton impulse turbine continues to be used in both large and small-scale hydroelectric projects

So you could imagine the moving dome of the earth to be constructed as a sort of turbine having many blades attached to its shaft. Water will keep on continuously moving and energizing it.

## Squirrel Cage Motor

In addition to what has been previously explained, you could imagine the dome to be a sort of magnetic squirrel cage motor. Why?

We have already highlighted the fact that the earth is surrounded by a dome where, inside,  are set seven, probably electromagnetic, immaterial columns. One of them should be positioned inside and over the earth north pole and the others all around, in the inner, first stationary ring of the dome. So, the possibility is that over the top of the dome, inside the upper watery inter-space, there should be a second water turbine chamber, probably magnetically connected to the inferior one.

### A few technical notes about a squirrel cage rotor and induction motors.

squirrel-cage rotor is the rotating part of the common “squirrel cage” induction motor. It consists of a cylinder of steel laminations, with aluminum or copper conductors embedded in its surface. In operation, the non-rotating “stator” winding is connected to an alternating current power source; the alternating current in the stator produces a rotating magnetic field. The rotor winding has current induced in it by the stator field and produces its own magnetic field. The interaction of the two sources of the magnetic field produces torque on the rotor.

An induction motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding.[1] An induction motor can, therefore, be made without electrical connections to the rotor.[a] An induction motor’s rotor can be either wound type or squirrel-cage type.(Wikipedia)

Elementary six-wire three-phase alternator, with each phase using a separate pair of transmission wires.

A rotating magnetic field is a magnetic field that has moving polarities in which its opposite poles rotate about a central point or axis. Ideally, the rotation changes direction at a constant angular rate. This is a key principle in the operation of the alternating-current motor.

Three phase variable reluctance motor – Tesla patent 381,968 filed Oct 12, 1887

Here I would like to conclude my post with the powerful image of the Niagara Falls. So let’s try to imagine the impression you could receive in front of the expansion of the waters that are moving the dome!!! that should only be the angels’ seashore. Bye, bye, my reader.