There are many people who, while asserting they trust in the Bible, they don’t accept the way the Bible describes the earth as being fix and the sun being in motion.
The sun’s movement
When considering the sun, the Bible always gives a description of movement. Psalm 19:4-6 “He has set a tent for the sun, and it is like a bridegroom when coming out of his nuptial chamber; it exults as a mighty man does to run in a path. From one extremity of the heavens is its going forth, and its circuit is to their extremities, and there is nothing concealed from its heat.”
Ecclesiastes 1:5 “And the sun also has flashed forth, and the sun has set, and it is coming panting to its place where it is going to flash forth.”
Joshua 10:12-13″The sun kept motionless, and the moon did stand still…and the sun kept standing still in the middle of the heavens and did not hasten to set for about a whole day.”
Isaiah 38:8 “And the sun went back gradually ten steps on the steps of the stairs that it had gone down.”
Habakkuk 3:11 “Sun – Moon – stood still in the lofty abode thereof.”
The book of Joshua and the sun and the moon
The book of Joshua clearly states that both the sun and the moon, one day, in the course of an exhausting battle, stopped moving. It is one of the most powerful passages in the Bible supporting a geocentric view of the universe.
“It was then, on the day that Jehovah routed the Amorites before the eyes of the Israelites, that Joshua said to Jehovah before Israel: “Sun, stand still over Gibʹe·on, And moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!” So the sun stood still and the moon did not move until the nation could take vengeance on its enemies. Is it not written in the book of Jashar? The sun stood still in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to set for about a whole day. There has never been a day like that one, either before it or after it, when Jehovah listened to the voice of a man, for Jehovah was fighting for Israel.”
Standing still literally or figuratively?
Heliocentrists all believe the moon moves. Therefore, it would be contradictory for them to claim that Joshua told the moon to stand still literally, but told the sun to stand still figuratively. The most reasonable conclusion is that both, the moon and sun, were moving, and both the moon and sun, stopped moving at God’s command. Finally, Joshua records that the sun stopped over Gibeon, while the moon stopped over Aijalon. These are two distinct points on the earth which confirm the coordinates of cessation of movement of the sun and moon. The book of Joshua is a historical book written to record historical events. Therefore, is there any reason to interpret the passage other than literally?
When the Earth stopped spinning …
What if the Earth stopped spinning? Let’s suppose God stopped the Earth rotating around its own axis and (maybe) in its movement around the sun. The Earth moves to rotate around its axis at about 1300km per hour when we consider the latitude of Israel. So, in the situation related to Joshua’s story, the Earth should have stopped its rotation/revolution motion. The speed of the Earth from 1300km/h should have decreased down to zero.
In the middle of an exhausting battle
Let’s try the hypothesis the whole process could be achieved in one hour’s time, to reach a complete deceleration. With the previous data, you reach a deceleration a=1,3m/sec2. According to Newton’s law F=mxa, so that we find a man of 80 kgs would receive an inertia side force of F=104Newton that corresponds to 10kg. It is not a small force. Moreover, consider the case the revolution motion would be stopped as well. The Earth is moving around the sun at the speed of 30 km per second. In this case, a one-hour deceleration would be a=8.33m/, that means that a warrior of 80 kgs would have felt a side force of 666 Newton equivalent to 65 kgs (to be added to the previously calculated 10 kgs). Imagine having a side inertia force of 75 kgs pushing on you for one hour time in the middle of an exhausting battle…
Many mighty men and warriors would have fallen down. Think of the enormous side force acting on buildings. Many structures would have been damaged or disintegrated. Think to the force acting on mountains, oceans and all the natural creation. Dreadful earthquakes, hurricanes, and tsunamis would have followed.
Stopping the sun…
Some people may prefer thinking this is not a real problem. In their opinion, God the Almighty might have done all the job, protecting the Earth from further damage. However, when we consider how he acted in the past, we recognize that, when he uses the natural forces to perform his miracles, he never bypasses the natural physical laws. You can thus understand that stopping the Earth in its motion might have had a tremendous impact.
To stop the sun, as the Bible narrates, could be a matter a little different. Sun and moon are probably electromagnetic machinery and evidently can be stopped and/or obscured at command. Something of this kind could have happened during Jesus’ agony when a darkness fell over all the land. Was it a local or not a local phenomenon? That’s difficult to say. The Greek expression in Luke 23:43,44 “ef’ olen ten gen/ ἐφ’ ὅλην τὴν γῆν ” could indicate both. Referring to the sun, the words used by Luke 23:43.44 are: “tou eliou ekleipontos/ τοῦ ἡλίου ἐκλειπόντος “. The verb here used for the activity of the sun is ἐκλειπόντος which, according to Lorenzo Rocci, the Greek-Italian dictionary, can be translated “to be obscured”. So the light of the sun could be obscured for a period of three hours.
Luminaries that light on and off
All these phenomena should be carefully examined in order to understand what sort of mechanism is governing the movements of the sun and the moon. For instance, during the ninth plague, thick darkness enveloped the Egyptians, with a darkness that could “be felt”. It lasted for three days, while, on the near Goshen, the Israelites enjoyed the light. The Bible says that sun and moon are luminaries, not stars. So, they could be lights that can go on and off, according to God’s command. In answering his disciple’s question as to his presence and the conclusion of the system of things, Jesus predicted the unusual darkening of the sun and changes in the moon.
Nevertheless, Joshua’s story is not the only one telling of some celestial movement getting stopped. Think of Hezekiah’s miraculous extension of life. A sign was given, the shadow of the sun being caused to move ten steps backward on “the stairs of Ahaz.” A text states the following: “The miracle performed evidently involved the relationship between earth and sun, and, if so, it was therefore similar to the miracle recorded at Joshua 10: 12-14. So, Isaiah 38:8 is another of the verses in the Bible referring to the movement of the sun.”
“This is the sign from Jehovah to show you that Jehovah will carry out the word that he has spoken: Here I will make the declining shadow of the sun on the stairway of Ahaz go back ten steps.”’” So the sun went back ten steps on the stairway that it had already descended.”
Much more trustworthy than any human being
Let’s reason. For the second time in less than a thousand of years, in a heliocentric reference system, the earth would have undergone important changes in its normal motion: 1) a stop and 2) a movement backward. Restarting the earth normal spinning might have caused similar but inverse problems to the ones we had previously discussed. Wouldn’t it be better to give confidence to the record given in the Bible? In other words, why not accept the idea it was the sun to stop moving and not the earth? After all, the Creator himself was controlling the event. He himself notified Isaiah about the miracle. I think he’s really trustworthy, more than any human being.
A few words for a conclusion
Some people could ask a question. Why did God choose to do such huge miracles involving the stopping of the movement of the sun and the moon? Evidently, he knew humankind has always had and still have a penchant for the worship of the luminaries. And for the army of the stars. He knew men would have changed the cards on table putting the sun and the planets in the place of god. So, he decided in advance to show his power to stop the celestial movement.